Tivatska Solila
Tivatska Solila
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Tatiana Torgonskaya
Translation: Vera Root
Photo: Tatiana Torgonskaya
14.03.2020

Tivatska Solila, salt marsh, is a shallow lagoon; once a salt extraction site, today it has been turned into an ornithological park.

Tivatska Solila

Solila is located between Tivat airport and the Lustica peninsula. Currently, it is a vast area of 150 hectares.

Tivatska Solila

Salt production in this region was booming during the Middle Ages. Salt was precious and the business was very profitable.

Tivatska Solila

The natural lagoon in Tivat Bay has been closed off by ramparts. Day by day, the water evaporated and sea salt appeared on the surface.

Tivatska Solila

When salt ceased to be an expensive commodity, its production in this area stopped.

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The lagoon became swampy area, very attractive for birds.

Tivatska Solila

In 2008, it received the status of the Bird Reserve, supervised by the International Ornithological Association.

Tivatska Solila

According to the Center for Protection and Research of Birds of Montenegro, more than 100 species of birds can be seen in Tivatska Solila. Some of them live here permanently, but the majority of the birds only spend winter here.

Tivatska Solila

The most valuable specimens found in this area are the gray crane, sea hawk, snipe, cormorant. There are several information tables in the Reserve with the wintering schedule of the most interesting groups.

Tivatska Solila

The birds usually prefer to stay away from visitor’s paths, so it’s best to grab binoculars and observe the fauna from the special decks.

Tivatska Solila

They are conveniently located near the entrances to the park.

Tivatska Solila

Those decks are wooden towers with small windows, so the birds can be discreetly watched.

Tivatska Solila

Even without binoculars, you can study large birds like cormorants and herons from afar.

Tivatska Solila

The plants at the reserve are also amusing.

Tivatska Solila

It is a unique mix, very unusual for the seaside region.

Tivatska Solila

There are plants that grow on swamps and in dry saline areas.

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And last but not least, Tivatska Solila offers picturesque views.

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At the beginning of winter, the grass at the bottom of the lagoon is painted in bright shades of yellow and red.

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Of course, there are many restrictions at the Reserve. For example, you can not pick plants or step outside the equipped walking paths.

Tivatska Solila

At the moment, there are two long promenades fortified with stone.

Tivatska Solila

Plus several shorter and narrower tracks.

Tivatska Solila

And benches for tired visitors.

Tivatska Solila

Entrance to the Reserve is free of charge.

Tivatska Solila

It is open daily from 7am to 8pm.

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